If eye can be imagined as a camera, then the retina performs the photo film role. Retinal cells cover about 2/3 of the inner surface of the eye. The retina has a very thin light-sensitive surface nervous tissue on which the projected visual information is registered and then transferred to the brain.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina holes and / or fissures and allows fluid to exist below it. Accumulation of fluid in the retina contributes to separation from its structural supporting and nutrient tissue.
Sometimes retinal detachment may result from other diseases, such as tumors or inflammatory processes. In such cases it is not specific to retinal tears.
Retinal detachment can occur in cases of direct trauma, such as the result of a severe blow.
People with a high degree of nearsightedness, are at greater risk of retinal detachment in connection with the fact that the retinal layers are thinner. This is also the reason why for people with “big minuses” sometimes exercise is contraindicated.
The treatment of retinal detachment can prevent blindness in the affected eye!
In retinal detachment cases, the person may complain of flashes of light, sparks, floating objects, image distortion or dropping out parts of it, shadows that obscure the field of vision, or curtains that suddenly appeared in front of the eye. Any kind of visual impairment of the visual field at the edges may not be immediately visible, or on the contrary – if there is a sudden impairment of the visual field in the middle of the viewpoint, then the retina is affected in the central portion of the macula.
People who develop retinal detachment, usually do not feel any pain in the retina is pain nerve fibers.
If you notice a sudden change in the visual field, lightning or curtain in front of the eye, get immediate help from an ophthalmologist or eye doctor!
Treatment of retinal detachment occurs only surgically under full anesthesia.
During the operation, the outside of the eye retina is affixed ” sealed/ welded “, thereby putting pressure on the retina from the outside and if necessary inside this releases gas, thereby compressing the retinal layers together. Liquid that has accumulated between the layers of the retina, is expelled, and using laser – or cryotherapy surgery the process eliminates any holes or tears. Treatment sites will develop scar tissue containing retinal layers together and this prevents the accumulation of fluid behind the retina. Usually this suffices. If the central vision was not affected, the majority of patients after surgery recover good vision. It should be noted that after this type of surgery, you may need to replace your glasses, if any.